Testicular cancer is
the most common type of cancer in men between 15 and 35 years of
age. Although it accounts for only about 1 percent of all cancers
in men, it is the number one cancer killer among men in their 20's
and 30's. The disease is highly curable if it is diagnosed
in early stage. Men can greatly increase their chances of early
diagnosis by performing a simple procedure called testicular
The disease develops more frequently in Whites than in
Blacks. Men with a past history of undescended testicles at
birth are at higher risk. Self-exam is especially important for
How To Perform
TSE should be performed once a month after a warm
bath or shower. The warm temperature and water causes the scrotal skin to relax, making
it easier to find a lump or mass. The procedure itself is simple
and only takes a few minutes:
Stand naked in front of a mirror. Look for any
swelling on the skin of the scrotum. It is normal for one
testicle to be slightly larger than the other.
Examine each testicle gently with both hands.
The index and middle fingers should be placed on the top. Roll
the testicle gently between the thumbs and fingers. (Fig. 1)
Feel for a small lump--about the size of a pea--on the front
or side of the testicle. These lumps are usually painless.
Find the epididymis (a cord-like structure on
the top and back of the testicle that stores and transports
sperm). Do not confuse the epididymis with a lump. (Fig. 2)
Feel for any lumps
or mass - about the size of a pea - on the front or the side
of the testicle. These lumps are usually painless.
If you have any lumps
or other symptoms, it does not necessarily mean you have
but, you must be checked by a physician. If detected and
treated early, more than 90% of the patients are cured by surgery